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  • Surface treatment of wire rods - CONDAT

    Description. The preparation of the rod before forming is an essential operation to optimise the manufacturing process. In general, for technical parts, phosphate …

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  • Wire rod preparation lines

    The main purpose of the wire rod preparation line is to remove the highly abrasive oxide layer on the surface of the wire. Drawing wire that still has an oxide layer on its surface means that the scale will be embedded into the wire and cause breakages or premature failure of the final product. These lines are suitable for large productions and ...

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  • DECALUB: Descaling, Lubrication, Drawing

    2021-6-29u2002·u2002Innovators in Mechanical Descaling, Cleaning, Surface Preparation, Coating and Lubrication GREENTechnologies Rod Dry Preparation Wire Rod Lubrication Wire Cleaning ( with no speed limit ) ( for frictionless drawing ) ( for plating finish ) Decalub has introduced the New Wayto draw steel wire in the 21st Century : The DCCD process

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  • PROCESS CHARACTERISTICS OF WIRE DRAWING

    2019-2-4u2002·u2002Wire drawing is usually performed cold, although there are some cases where metal is drawn hot to improve ductility. Die lubrication is essential in cold drawing to achieve a good surface finish as well to maximize the life of the die. In contrast to wire drawing, deep drawing is a sheet metal process where the material is stretched over a male ...

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  • WIRE RODS - d2lptvt2jijg6f.cloudfront.net

    2020-9-16u2002·u2002of wire rods, and is amongst the top wire rod producers in the country. Designed and supplied by the world renowned Morgan Construction Company of USA, JSPL wire rod mill is equipped with the latest technologies for producing high quality wire rods. The Mill is specially developed to roll wire rods at a maximum speed of 110 metres-per-second.

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  • ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

    2020-1-27u2002·u2002ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL Mechanical Engineering Branch Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland August 1994 N A T I O N A L I A E R O N A U T I C S A N D S P A C E A D M I N S T R A T I O ... Surface Preparation Notes .....19 2.4.4.6. Testing and Inspection Notes.....20 2.4.4.7. ...

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  • Home - Lubrimetal - Wire drawing lubricants and coatings

    Lubrimetal is a chemical company specializing in the production of lubricants and other chemicals for wire drawing and metal surface treatment. Established in 1959 by Mr. Giorgio Corso, Lubrimetal was started in Lecco (Italy), an area known for its history of metal working. So the Company has grown in an environment conducive to continuous ...

    Get Price
  • Replacement of pickling with shot blasting for wire rod ...

    An oxide scale layer covers steel wire rod produced by hot rolling. This oxide is often removed by pickling before wire drawing; otherwise, hard oxides will be impressed into the wire surface and g...

    Get Price
  • The Cold Drawing Process for Steel Bars and Wire

    2017-12-4u2002·u2002The Cold Drawing Process for Steel Bars and Wire. Raw Stock: Hot rolled steel bar or rod coils are used as raw material. Because the hot rolled products are produced at elevated temperatures (1700 - 2200 Deg. F. i.e. hot rolling), they generally have a rough and scaled surface and may also exhibit variations in section and size.

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  • Cold-Drawn Steel Wire - Bekaert.com

    Cold-Drawn Steel Wire. Cold-drawing changes the steel's shape and size by pulling the material through a carbide die or Turk's Head. Often, steel will go through cold-rolling first and then cold-drawing to enhance its properties for better performance. At Bekaert, …

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  • PREMIUM MIG WIRES - Welders, Welding Wire, Welding ...

    2020-11-30u2002·u2002MicroGuard® Ultra surface treatment, with proprietary arc enhancement agents, facilitates excellent weld puddle control, ... • Not all steel mills know how to produce quality wire rod for drawing a welding wire ... the suitability of any welding consumable and procedure before use in …

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  • Wire Technology

    The terms 'bar,' 'rod,' and 'wire' often imply a certain mode of processing, or process flexibility, especially regarding the ability to coil the product during process sequences. The related drawing equipment can be roughly categorized as benches, blocks, and multiple-die machines. Drawing benches involve the simple pulling of ...

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  • Wire Drawing Machines - an overview

    An intermediate wire drawing machine designed for high-surface quality non-ferrous drawing is offered by Maschinenfabrik Niehoff GmbH & Co. KG of Schwabach, Germany. This electronically driven MSM224 drawing machine is capable of drawing wires with inlet diameters of 3.5 mm to a final diameter range of 0.2 to 1.8 mm, with line speeds up to 25 m/s.

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  • The Production of a Thin Wire of Ti-Nb-Ta-Zr Shape

    2020-1-29u2002·u2002The mechanical treatment was carried out by abrasive paper from 180 to 1000 grit and finally by GOI (State Optical Institute) paste to a mirror surface. The decrease in the diameter was to 10 μm in comparison with the original. To investigate the wire microstructure, the preliminary etching of

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  • An Overview of Forging Processes with Their Defects

    2021-6-4u2002·u20022) Billet: A slug cut from rod to be heated and forged. 3) Blocker: Preform die or impression, used when part cannot be made in a single operation. 4) Cavity: The impression in upper and lower die. 5) Draft Angle: The taper on a vertical surface to facilitate the easy removal of the forging from the die or punch. Internal draft

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  • cts safety U rod FASTENER TECHNICAL DATA & CHARTS

    2017-11-14u2002·u2002298 contractor s UPPLI es concrete anchors hangers & str U t fasteners & threaded rod s P ec I a L ty I tems serv I ces & data safety P rod U cts too L s & accessor I es ( 800) 733-0089 • (781) 329-4000 • FAX:(781) 326-4757 THE CONSTRUCTION SUPPLY SPECIALIST . . .

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  • Steel Standards - ASTM International

    ASTM's steel standards are instrumental in classifying, evaluating, and specifying the material, chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical properties of the different types of steels, which are primarily used in the production of mechanical components, industrial parts, and construction elements, as well as other accessories related to them.

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  • Engineering Handbook

    2015-3-6u2002·u20021 ENGINEERING HANDBOOK STEELMAKING Basic descriptions of making carbon, alloy, stainless, and tool steel p. 4. METALS & ALLOYS Carbon grades, types, and numbering systems; glossary p. 13. CHEMICAL CONTENT Identification factors and composition standards p. 27. HEAT TREATMENT Quenching, hardening, and other thermal modifications p. 30. TESTING THE …

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  • Descaling – Metallurgical Processes

    Descaling – Metallurgical Processes. Descaling is the process of removing oxide deposits from a heated stock, either before or during forging operations. Scales are formed on a metal surface during heat treatment processes. Oxide scales discolor the metal surface and hinder subsequent finishing operations. Descaling is a metal cleaning ...

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  • Surface treatment of wire rods - CONDAT

    Description. The preparation of the rod before forming is an essential operation to optimise the manufacturing process. In general, for technical parts, phosphate treatment plus a treatment with borax or lime is practised. Then a specific soap for the wire drawing or skin-pass operations can be used, and in the final phase, a metal-forming oil.

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  • Wire rod preparation lines

    The main purpose of the wire rod preparation line is to remove the highly abrasive oxide layer on the surface of the wire. Drawing wire that still has an oxide layer on its surface means that the scale will be embedded into the wire and cause breakages or premature failure of the final product. These lines are suitable for large productions and ...

    Get Price
  • DECALUB: Descaling, Lubrication, Drawing

    2021-6-29u2002·u2002Innovators in Mechanical Descaling, Cleaning, Surface Preparation, Coating and Lubrication GREENTechnologies Rod Dry Preparation Wire Rod Lubrication Wire Cleaning ( with no speed limit ) ( for frictionless drawing ) ( for plating finish ) Decalub has introduced the New Wayto draw steel wire in the 21st Century : The DCCD process

    Get Price
  • PROCESS CHARACTERISTICS OF WIRE DRAWING

    2019-2-4u2002·u2002Wire drawing is usually performed cold, although there are some cases where metal is drawn hot to improve ductility. Die lubrication is essential in cold drawing to achieve a good surface finish as well to maximize the life of the die. In contrast to wire drawing, deep drawing is a sheet metal process where the material is stretched over a male ...

    Get Price
  • WIRE RODS - d2lptvt2jijg6f.cloudfront.net

    2020-9-16u2002·u2002of wire rods, and is amongst the top wire rod producers in the country. Designed and supplied by the world renowned Morgan Construction Company of USA, JSPL wire rod mill is equipped with the latest technologies for producing high quality wire rods. The Mill is specially developed to roll wire rods at a maximum speed of 110 metres-per-second.

    Get Price
  • ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

    2020-1-27u2002·u2002ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL Mechanical Engineering Branch Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland August 1994 N A T I O N A L I A E R O N A U T I C S A N D S P A C E A D M I N S T R A T I O ... Surface Preparation Notes .....19 2.4.4.6. Testing and Inspection Notes.....20 2.4.4.7. ...

    Get Price
  • Home - Lubrimetal - Wire drawing lubricants and coatings

    Lubrimetal is a chemical company specializing in the production of lubricants and other chemicals for wire drawing and metal surface treatment. Established in 1959 by Mr. Giorgio Corso, Lubrimetal was started in Lecco (Italy), an area known for its history of metal working. So the Company has grown in an environment conducive to continuous ...

    Get Price
  • Replacement of pickling with shot blasting for wire rod ...

    An oxide scale layer covers steel wire rod produced by hot rolling. This oxide is often removed by pickling before wire drawing; otherwise, hard oxides will be impressed into the wire surface and g...

    Get Price
  • The Cold Drawing Process for Steel Bars and Wire

    2017-12-4u2002·u2002The Cold Drawing Process for Steel Bars and Wire. Raw Stock: Hot rolled steel bar or rod coils are used as raw material. Because the hot rolled products are produced at elevated temperatures (1700 - 2200 Deg. F. i.e. hot rolling), they generally have a rough and scaled surface and may also exhibit variations in section and size.

    Get Price
  • Effect of Soaking Time on the Mechanical Properties of ...

    2013-12-24u2002·u2002optimal mechanical properties of cold worked coiled wire of the low carbon steel; the material should not be strain hardened beyond the drawing of 75% draft and should be critically annealed at 650C for soaking time of 15 ˚ minutes before further deformation. Secondary recrystal- lization in grain-oriented steels annealed at short time

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  • Military Standard Preparation for and Installation of ...

    2017-5-18u2002·u2002Other sealing compounds, such as materials conforming to MIL-Sxad 11030 and MIL-S-8802, may be used as substitute for TT-P-1757 when approved by the procuring activity. 4.5.2 . Cleaning of mating surfaces. All chips, burrs, and foreign material shall be removed from the mating surfaces prior to surface treating. 4.5.2.1

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  • 6. INSTALLATION

    2013-11-11u2002·u20026.6 Joint Treatment The last procedure of drywall installation is the treatment to various types of joints, edges and corners. Acoustic sealant, corner beads, joint tapes, jointing compound and topping compound are common materials used. Figure 6.6 shows the common types of treatment and the recommended good practices to achieve quality work.

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  • Sucker Rod - an overview

    Sucker rod pumping, also referred to as 'beam pumping,' provides mechanical energy to lift oil from bottom-hole to surface. It is efficient, simple, and easy for field people to operate, and can be used to pump a well at very low bottom-hole pressure to maximize oil production rates.

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  • Mechanical Drawing (Assembly Drawing) Second Stage

    2018-1-19u2002·u2002drawing is an assembly drawing of a group of related parts, that form a part in a more complicated machine. Examples of such drawings are: lathe tail-stock, diesel engine fuel pump, carburettor, etc. 1.2.3.4 Installation Assembly Drawing On this drawing, the location and dimensions of few important parts

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  • Section 26 05 26 - GROUNDING AND BONDING FOR

    2011-9-26u2002·u2002Connect each equipment rack, wire management system's cable tray, ladder, etc. to the circulating ground wire with a minimum 25mm2 (4AWG) stranded Cooper Wire, color coded with a green jacket. 1. Connect each equipment rack ground buss bar to the circulating ground wire …

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  • An Overview of Forging Processes with Their Defects

    2021-6-4u2002·u20022) Billet: A slug cut from rod to be heated and forged. 3) Blocker: Preform die or impression, used when part cannot be made in a single operation. 4) Cavity: The impression in upper and lower die. 5) Draft Angle: The taper on a vertical surface to facilitate the easy removal of the forging from the die or punch. Internal draft

    Get Price
  • The Production of a Thin Wire of Ti-Nb-Ta-Zr Shape

    2020-1-29u2002·u2002The mechanical treatment was carried out by abrasive paper from 180 to 1000 grit and finally by GOI (State Optical Institute) paste to a mirror surface. The decrease in the diameter was to 10 μm in comparison with the original. To investigate the wire microstructure, the preliminary etching of

    Get Price
  • Chapter 29 – Electromagnetic Induction

    2010-4-12u2002·u2002ε= vBL Length of rod and velocity perpendicular to B. - The emf associated with the moving rod is equivalent to that of a battery with positive terminal at a and negative at b. Motional emf: general form (alternative expression of Faraday's law) Closed conducting loop-This expression can only be used for problems involving moving conductors .

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  • Zinc Phosphate coating problems & issues; Q&A's

    2021-8-5u2002·u2002After Drawing of High Carbon Steel (SAE 52100) Wire rod in the desired size, say from 12 mm to 10.40 mm or 9.80 mm, Black spot are generated on the wire surface i.e. non uniform coating is observed on the wire surface. While forging (Producing Roller) at customer's end they face problem of Muck Formation due to poor Phosphate coating.

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  • Mechanical Engineering Recent Questions

    Question 3: A ball is thrown straight upward from ground level. Its initial velocity is 20 ft/s. Determine the maximum height it would reach. A: See Answer. Q: 2. A countershaft carrying two V-belt pulleys is shown in the figure. Pulley A receives power from a motor through a belt with the belt tensions shown.

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  • PREMIUM MIG WIRES - Welders, Welding Wire, Welding ...

    2020-11-30u2002·u2002MicroGuard® Ultra surface treatment, with proprietary arc enhancement agents, facilitates excellent weld puddle control, ... • Not all steel mills know how to produce quality wire rod for drawing a welding wire ... the suitability of any welding consumable and procedure before use in the intended application.

    Get Price
  • Metal forming processes - IIT Guwahati

    2021-8-27u2002·u2002Wire or rod drawing: similar to extrusion, except that the workpiece is pulled through the die opening to take the cross-section. Bulk forming: It is a severe deformation process resulting in massive shape change. The surface area-to-volume of the work is relatively small. Mostly done in hot working conditions.

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  • Pickling and Passivating Stainless Steel

    2020-1-16u2002·u2002descaling and pickling. Mechanical scale loosening roughens the surface. The terms'descaling', 'pic kling' and 'passivation' are often confused, but are distinct processes. It is important to be clear about the differences between these surface treatment processes as applied to stainless steels. 2.1 Descaling Descaling is the removal of a thick ...

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  • Mechanical Drawing (Assembly Drawing) Second Stage

    2018-1-19u2002·u2002drawing is an assembly drawing of a group of related parts, that form a part in a more complicated machine. Examples of such drawings are: lathe tail-stock, diesel engine fuel pump, carburettor, etc. 1.2.3.4 Installation Assembly Drawing On this drawing, the location and dimensions of few important parts

    Get Price
  • Zinc Phosphate coating problems & issues; Q&A's

    2021-8-5u2002·u2002After Drawing of High Carbon Steel (SAE 52100) Wire rod in the desired size, say from 12 mm to 10.40 mm or 9.80 mm, Black spot are generated on the wire surface i.e. non uniform coating is observed on the wire surface. While forging (Producing Roller) at customer's end they face problem of Muck Formation due to poor Phosphate coating.

    Get Price
  • REVIEW OF THE WEAR AND GALLING CHARACTERISTICS OF ...

    surface hardening treatments, such as nitriding, are not effective in severe wear conditions (8). Elsewhere (9) it has been stated that wear volume is inversely proportional to the hardness of the surface being worn away, and that this hardness is not the bulk hardness measured before the wear process, but rather that attained at the wear interface

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  • Influence of Impurities in Cathodic Copper on the ...

    2011-8-25u2002·u2002In the case of the Chilean copper refineries, these mechanical tests, such as quick elongation test (AR) and spiral elongation test (SEN), are carried out at a foreign laboratory to wires of 6.3 mm obtained by the melting of the cathodes, continuous casting to a 8 mm rod, wire drawing and annealing of the wires at 270 °C for 10 min.

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  • Metal Rolling and Drawing - Ganoksin Jewelry Making Community

    The rolls are 45 mm in diameter and 90 mm wide. The upper pair of rollers can handle sheet from 0.01 mm to 5 mm thick. The grooved lower rollers are used to roll out square wire from 1 mm to 5 mm. The rolling mill is operated with a hand crank, a reduction gear making the …

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  • Annealing to Increase Metal Ductility - Industrial ...

    2021-9-20u2002·u2002Abstract: Annealing is a heat treating process used to modify the properties of cold-worked metal. This article discusses the reasons for annealing, the metallurgical changes that take place within a metal during cold working and annealing, the effects of these metallurgical changes on the properties of metals, and the effects of annealing temperature and time on the final …

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  • INCLUSIONS IN CONTINUOUS CASTING OF STEEL

    2005-8-16u2002·u2002branched rod-like). 54) 2.2 Exogenous inclusions Exogenous inclusions arise primarily from the incidental chemical (reoxidation) and mechanical interaction of liquid steel with its surroundings (slag entrainment and erosion of lining refractory). In machining, they produce chatter, causing pits and gouges on the surface of machined sections ...

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  • Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of as-Drawn

    2017-8-7u2002·u2002The wire rod had been produced from industrial billet: wire rod rolling to 1123 K (850 °C) finish rolling temperature. The fully pearlitic wire rod was then subjected to multi-stage (six stages) industrial cold wire drawing. This produced wires of 3.1 to 1.6 mm diameters. A drawing speed of 2 to 6 m/s was used with standard lubrication.

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  • Mechanical Drawing (Assembly Drawing) Second Stage

    2018-1-19u2002·u2002drawing is an assembly drawing of a group of related parts, that form a part in a more complicated machine. Examples of such drawings are: lathe tail-stock, diesel engine fuel pump, carburettor, etc. 1.2.3.4 Installation Assembly Drawing On this drawing, the location and dimensions of few important parts

    Get Price
  • Study on the Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and ...

    2018-3-16u2002·u2002Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium alloy wires have attracted much attention for biomaterial applications including orthopedic K-wires and sutures in wound closure. In this study, Mg-3Zn-0.2Ca alloy wires were prepared by cold drawing combined with proper intermediate annealing process. Microstructures, texture, mechanical properties and corrosion …

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  • Testing Times - Alloy Wire International

    Testing Times. The performance of a product in its final application is absolutely critical and it all starts with the selection of the material. Andrew Du Plessis, Technical Executive at Alloy Wire International, explains why testing can give a vital window of confidence for engineers and spring makers keen to deliver the best end use ...

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  • S355J2 S355J2+N S355 Steel - Delivered by West Yorkshire ...

    S355, S355J2, S355JR, S355J2+N steel stockholders and suppliers, delivering to the whole of the UK. West Yorkshire Steel are suppliers of S355 grades in steel plate, round bar and flat bar. As an unalloyed low carbon steel grade S355 is supplied in the hot rolled and cold drawn conditions. The S355 steel specifications are high yield non alloy ...

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  • GD&T: The Beginner's Guide to Geometric Dimensioning

    2021-7-17u2002·u2002GD&T: The Beginner's Guide to Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing. Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerance (GD&T) is the symbolic engineering language used by mechanical designers, manufacturers and inspection personnel to communicate and integrates the functional requirements of the part into the tolerances. So it is not just about the ...

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  • Steel profiles (concrete reinforcement steel, steel shapes ...

    Steel products are particularly susceptible to deterioration due to corrosion or may often require elaborate treatment before being used or further processed. One particularly frequent cause of damage is rust due to seawater, rain, condensation water in the means of …

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  • Standard Procedures for Tank Cleaning, Purging and Gas ...

    2020-7-21u2002·u2002Where the bonding wire is defective. Where the hose is disconnected from the hydrant before lifting the machine out of the tank. a) Such disconnection, prior to lifting, is commonly done in order to drain water from the hose. A coat of paint in good condition is sufficient to …

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  • Metal Melting Furnace, Induction Metal Melting Machine

    2021-9-21u2002·u2002SuperbMelt metal melting furnaces are widely used in various of metals smelting, such as gold, silver, copper, platinum etc, from 1kg to 250kg. Adopt IGBT induction technology and optional PLC control system to achieve speedy melting and accurate temperature control. RFQ NOW!

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  • Assignment Expert - Service that Really Helps

    Assignment Expert is a leading provider of assignment help to people worldwide. Our online services are quite extensive and cover many types of projects needed to be done by individuals and even businesses.

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